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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, PDF or RTF document file format.
  • Author(s) information are not included in the main text of the article, and are included in the cover page which will be uploaded as a separate file.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is double-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

The NSER uses the Chicago Manual of Style. References should be included at the end of the text.

    1. For academic articles, submit a cover page in a separate file. The cover page must include:
      1. Title of the article
      2. Name(s) and email address(es) of author(s)
      3. Abstract, no longer than 100 words
      4. Keywords
      5. The footnotes, not numbered, can give a very brief identification of the authors. They should also identify the corresponding author.
      6. The author may use the cover page to thank individuals and institutions for assistance. Such acknowledgments should be brief.
    2. The main text of academic paper should include:
      1. Title
      2. Abstract
      3. Keywords
      4. Introduction
      5. Conclusion or discussion
    3. Authors and their affiliations should not be identifiable from the main text of the article. Make sure to remove any material that may reveal the identity of the authors from the main text.
    4. Other types of submission—book reviews and letters—can be structured however you see fit.    
    5. Text should be typed and double-spaced in Times New Roman font, size 12.
    6. Quotations of at least five lines should be indented an additional 1.5″ from each side and be size 10.5, not in italics, with the source at the end (Surname year: page).
    7. For capitalization, hyphenation, use of numbers, punctuation, and other matters of style, follow the Chicago Manual of Style.
    8. Inclusive years should be typed as 1982-1987, not as 1982-87 or 1982-7.
    9. People must be fully identified by first and last names when they are first mentioned in the text. Names of authors mentioned in text should usually correspond exactly to their names as given in the bibliography. The use of titles such as Dr., Rev., Gen., Mrs., and Miss is discouraged.
    10. Acronyms (such as ACLU, AFL-CIO) should not be used to identify organizations until the organizational name has first been provided in full and the acronym indicated–for example, “American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU).”
    11. Quotations should correspond exactly with the originals in wording, spelling, interior capitalization, and interior punctuation. Sic will not usually appear in the published article, but it is helpful if the manuscript submitted by the author indicates errors or idiosyncrasies present in the original source.
    12. Interpolations of the author’s own comments or explanations into quoted matter should be enclosed in square brackets, not parentheses. Such interpolations should be kept to a minimum.

Tables & Figures

    1. Each table should be identified by both a number and a descriptive title. Each must have its sources indicated, and the author should clearly indicate where each table should be placed in the text. Tables should appear where the author wants them to be placed.
    2. Figures (illustrations) are numbered separately from tables, and they also must be identified by descriptive captions. The source for each figure should be given, and the author should clearly indicate where each figure should be placed in the text (or preferably insert it).


    1. Avoid using footnotes when possible. Include necessary information in the main text and stick to the main topic of the article. Use footnotes exclusively when pointing to important issues that are tangential to the main argument but have to be addressed. 
    2. Notes should be single spaced, and Times New Roman size 9.
    3. In general, footnotes follow the same style format as the journal, and is not a place for full bibliographical references. Please include a separate bibliography of all sources at the end of the paper.
    4. Please proofread all notes carefully for matters of style and of substance.
    5. Each note should be complete in itself. Even if a work’s title and/or author appears in the text, that information should be included in the note.

Scholarly Abbreviations

    1. Ibid. refers to the item (author and year, but not page number) preceding and takes the place of as much of the succeeding material as is identical.
    2. Et al. is used if a book or an article has more than three authors. Note that it is not italicized or underlined and that “et” is not an abbreviation. Following references must also include et al.
    3. Discursive material should be kept to a minimum. Notes should not be used to “save” material cut from the text.
    4. Combine notes when possible. Footnote numbers should never appear in mid-sentence; they should be placed at the end of text sentences (before any full stops). If the connection between text and citation is thereby obscured, a brief clarifying phrase can be added to the note.


Citations follow the Chicago Manual of Style format.

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